General information about Nicosia and a lot of interesting moments read here!
Above all modern Nicosia is the largest administrative, political, commercial and cultural centre. All ministries, Parliament, Central offices of many large local and international companies are located in the city. Here is also the presidential Palace.
Since the center of Nicosia held the border, the Old city has lost its former importance: its center was a neutral strip. The border cut the North-South axis with its elegant pedestrian zones. City blocks on the demarcation line, valuable from a historical point of view, but for a long time were in ruins, are experiencing their rebirth today. The rampart surrounding the old part of the city was built by the Venetians to repel the Turkish attack in 1570. The shaft is surrounded by a wide moat and eleven bastions. At an equal distance from each other beyond the walls are 11 bastions, in terms of having the shape of triangles, reaching 9 m in height. View of the walls on top of the official coat of arms of Nicosia.
The architecture of Nicosia bears the imprints of Frankish, Venetian and Turkish influence, so the city today is rearranged quite heterogeneous. The old city center as if froze in the middle ages. Here winding streets line with low stone houses. Some of them have patios. Behind the Venetian walls and a shallow moat, modern quarters with fashionable offices and rich houses have grown. Architectural cosmopolitanism of Nicosia is reflected in the way of urban life, which intricately intertwined characteristics of Eastern and Western cities. Shiny Windows of expensive shops are replaced by artisans ‘ shops, here, on the street, producing and selling their simple goods. Branches of London’s largest banks are close to quite Oriental bazaars with their petty trade and colorful bustle.
About Nicosia: what to see
In Nicosia, a lot of monuments of culture and history, interesting architectural structures. In Nicosia has not survived any significant Byzantine monuments. A number of churches and palaces that have survived to the present day, refers to the reign of the Lusignans. This is primarily the Catholic Cathedral of St. Sofia XIII century. This magnificent monument of Gothic architecture in the XVI century turnes into a mosque by the Turks Hagia Sophia, and in 1945-in the Selimiye mosque. South of St. Sofia is the Gothic Church of St. Sophia.
Nicholas of England, built in the XIV century. When the Venetians Church was the main Orthodox Church of the city. After the capture of Nicosia by the Turks, it turnes a market for the sale of fabrics and is therefore now we know it as Bedestan (“cover market” in Turkish). Even during the Crusades built the Church of St. George. John. So now it is the Cathedral of the Orthodox Cathedral of the city, the compound of the Greek Orthodox Church in Cyprus. The Church is interesting clarity of architectural solutions and frescoes of the XVI century.
In Nicosia preserved Orthodox churches of Panagia Chrysaliniotissa, Faneromeni, Tripiotis (or of the Archangel Michael), SV. Sava, St. Spiridon St. Anatoly, St. Kasian, English Cathedral. Paul, the Maronite Church, a Catholic Church. The old part of the city smooth circle surrounds a well-preserved ramparts up to a height of 12 m. It built by the Venetians in 1567-1570. Near the Metropolitan Cathedral of St. John is a medieval monastery of the order of St. Benedict, which in 1720-1961 was the residence of the Archbishop of Cyprus. Now there Is a Museum of folk art, and the Archdiocese is located nearby, in the Grand Palace (built in 1961), designed in the Oriental style.
In Nicosia could survive the temple of the Augustinian monks, which after the Turkish occupation turnes into a mosque Omerie. Among the native Turkish monuments in Nicosia is the mosque of Arab Ahmed Pasha. It was built in the XVII century and named after the Turkish Governor–General of Rhodes. In the courtyard of the mosque perfectly preserved fountain of the XVII century. Near Nicosia is home to several churches of the Cyprus architects of the middle Byzantine era Church. Barnabas and Hilarion in Peristerona village, Church. The apostles in the village of Perahori.
40 km South of Nicosia is the monastery of Maheras, founded in 1148. This is a typical example of a monastery-fortress. In the XVII century, during the services here read the prayer”for the great mistress of our Empress Catherine of Russia and her Royal house”. Furthermore the most famous among the Cypriot monasteries is the Kikk monastery, locates to the South-West of Nicosia in the Troodos mountains. It is the largest monastery on the island. Furthermore it is one of the three surviving and attribute to the Apostle Luke icons of the virgin. On the territory of the monastery there are hotels, restaurants, shops, where many Souvenirs and icons are for sale.
There are many museums with interesting collections in Nicosia. Moreover the unique collection of ancient art has an Archaeological Museum of Cyprus with a rich collection of Cypriot antiquities. In the building of the Archdiocese is the Byzantine Museum. The basis of it is the collection of icons of Cypriot painters of the VIII–XIX centuries. The exposition of the Museum covers a large period of Byzantine painting. Likewise works of early Byzantine painting collected in the Museum of history and culture of Cyprus.
In 1990, Nicosia opened The state art gallery with an exhibition of Cypriot artists and sculptors. Nevertheless, Nicosia has not become a center of tourism and can not withstand competition with the resort cities of the island. In the summer months Nicosia is empty. Fleeing from the heat residents of the capital take a vacation and leave. Therefore, in the summer it is enough to make a day trip to the city.
About Nicosia there are a lot of interesting myths. Let you know them!